Heritage Authentic Colours

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VICTORIAN 1840 - 1900

HeritageVictorian700x210WEB

Typical Design Features:

Roof

  • Corrugated iron.
  • Often have several single chimneys.

Verandah

  • Bullnose corrugated iron, often painted in wide stripes.
  • Decorative timber or cast-iron valances and often brackets under the eaves for extra decorative appeal.
  • Slender timber or iron support columns.
  • Verandah flooring tiled or timber: tiled floors often feature geometric patterns

Windows

  • Typically double-hung timber framed sash windows. Generally located centrally around the front door and often have louvered shutters.
  • Sash windows became more decorative as the period progressed. Stucco arches over sash windows and coloured glass.

Walls

  • Either brick, stucco or weatherboard.
  • Different coloured bricks were used for decorative effect including extra details around doors and windows in patterns such as diamonds.

Fence

  • Timber picket or cast iron palisade
  • Decorative tops were featured in later stage of period.

Colour Pallete

  • Details: Indian Red, Deep Brunswick Green, Rich Red, Shell Pink
  • Main Colours: Beige, Stoneware, Pale Stone, Salmon Pink

FEDERATION (Queen Anne) 1900 - 1910

HeritageFederation700x210WEB 

Typical Design Features:

Roof

  • Roofs are broken up by false gables and capped with decorative teracotta ridges and ornamentation.
  • Teracotta tiles and sometimes corrugated iron.

Verandah

  • Turned timber verandah columns are supplemented by elaborate decoration often influenced by Art Nouveau styles.

Windows

  • Bay windows with shingles above. Leadlight window panes or coloured glass are featured over main windows.

Walls

  • Red or dark brown bricks and often a mixture of both.
  • Exposed rafters are visible under roof.
  • Brickwork often finished with 'tuck pointing' - ridges of white mortar along brickwork.

Fence

  • Low picket fences usually in white or cream.

Colour Pallete

  • Details: Grey Green, Sky, Mid Brunswick Green, Dark Crimson
  • Main Colours: Rich Red, Pearl Lustre, Manilla, Mistletoe, Dark Brown

EDWARDIAN 1900-1920

HeritageEdwardian700x210WEB

Typical Design Features:

Roof

  • Hipped roofs with wide eaves, usually featuring a prominent front gable end.
  • Teracotta tiles and sometimes painted corrugated iron.
  • Roughcast rendered shingles, pebbledash or half timbered features usually situated over a bay window.

Verandah

  • Usually a return L-shape. Homes frequently had one room projecting forward with return verandah attached to this.
  • Valances with timber decorative posts and brackets. Fretwork was used for finer details.

Windows

  • Grouped together in pairs or threes.
  • Leadlight windows featured near doors.
  • Sunshades supported by timber brackets over windows common on the north and west sides of the home.

Walls

  • Either red brickwork or weatherboard square edged or bullnosed.
  • Sometimes weatherboard replicates blocks of stonework.
  • Decorative bands of render, usually in cream, often included.

Fence

  • Cyclone fences made of woven wire with posts of timber or steel and tubular steel gates.

Colour Pallete

  • Details: Grey Green, Sky, Mid Brunswick Green, Dark Crimson
  • Main Colours: Rich Red, Pearl Lustre, Manilla, Mistletoe

CALIFORNIAN BUNGALOW 1910 - 1930

HeritageBungalow700x210WEB

Typical Design Features:

Roof

  • Broad simple roof, low pitched and usually gabled with wide spreading eaves to cover a large verandah. Often an attic is featured under the roof lit by long dormer windows.
  • Roofs were typically clad with teracotta tiles or painted corrugated iron in red or green.
  • Shingles or roughcast render were often featured on curbed facing gable ends.
  • Chimneys frequently in roughcast render, were prominent.

Verandah

  • Deep verandahs supported by chunky sloping masonry piers or sturdy timber posts.
  • Balustrades commonly decorated with roughcast or pebbles.

Windows

  • Double hung sash or casement.
  • Window panes were small rectangle or diamond-shape often with leadlights in front rooms or in bay shaped projections. Stylistically influenced by Art Nouveau or Arts and Crafts.

Walls

  • Red or brown brick with flush joints, weatherboard or roughcast render.
  • Rustic effects were achieved by clinker bricks or pebbles.
  • Brown or green stained wall-hung shingles or pebble roughcast helped decorate gable   ends.
  • Timber walls were painted in light colours, with trims in dark green and brown.

Fence

  • Crimped wire with looped tops, timber pickets or masonry to match verandah balustrades.

Colour Pallete

  • Details: Pearl Lustre, Dark Brown, Traffic Green, Indian Red
  • Main Colours: Cream, Sky, Mistletoe, Stoneware

 

These notes are a a guide only as many houses are a mix of these main styles and other influences and it is often difficult to find a single term to describe a house. If you would like further information on identifying period styles please contact Haymes Service Express on 1800 033 431 to request a copy of 'What House Is That?', alternatively visit www.heritage.vic.gov.au